Mogadishu, Somalia (SOMALIAONE.NET) – Somalia is in the second year of a severe drought—the kind that is increasingly likely as the climate warms.
All the water dependent sectors have been adversely affected, reflecting different levels of drought preparedness in Somalia. For now, urban areas are in a better shape, thanks to diversified humanitarian aid in the country. The greatest vulnerabilities are in some low-income rural communities where water resources are running dry. Two years of drought has increased challenges in all areas and require continued—and likely increasingly difficult—adaptations. Emergency programs will need to be significantly expanded to get drinking water to rural residents and livestock. Somalia therefore needs to start a longer-term effort to build drought resilience in the most vulnerable areas.
As the Somali communities were looking forward to the Gu 2017 rainfall season, given the devastating drought conditions, the country noted yet another below-average and poor rainfall performance affecting the recovery of the key livelihood sectors; agricultural and livestock. Drought conditions continue to affect Somalia.
The Gu rainy season was generally poor in most parts of the country except some places in Puntland and Somaliland that saw good rains during the month of May. In March, a few pockets of Somaliland recorded good rains, which took a break until the end of the April when the rains started again in most parts albeit very late. The rains then spread in space, time and quantity in May. While many parts continued to receive rains until the last week of May, there was an early cessation of the rains in the south and central regions.
Many places recorded normal to below normal rains (Map 1). The south and central regions received 75% of the total expected rains with most regions recording even below 25% of the normal. The northern parts recorded normal (75% to 125%) to below normal rains (75% to 25%). 20 % of the country is under mild drought conditions while 80% is in the worst two stages of drought, either severe or extreme drought conditions. Only 20 to 40% of the ground water sources have been sufficiently recharged throughout the country. The rest remain water stressed.
The rains though poorly distributed helped end stress levels for the livestock sector due to regrowth of pasture which provided grazing lands to the needy sector. Areas with below normal rains also saw regrowth of pasture which may not last until the next season expected in October.
The crop production has also been affected negatively by the drought and poor rains.
Mogadishu, Somalia (SOMALIAONE.NET) - Ra’iisul Wasaaraha Xukuumadda Federaalka ah ee Soomaaliya Mudane Xasan Cali Khayre ayaa shir guddoomiyey kulanka guddiga...